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The first Independence Day of India was celebrated on August 15, 1947. This marked the end of British colonial rule in India and the country’s official independence.

Celebrating Freedom: India’s Journey to Independence and Beyond

India celebrates Independence Day on 15th August of every year. It is not just a day but an emotion for Indians. The 15th of August was the day that set them free from British colonial rule.
15th August is celebrated with great enthusiasm all over the country. People display their sense of patriotism in many ways. It was the day when India declared itself a sovereign nation. The journey of Independence for India was long and challenging.

Indian Independence News
Indian Independence News

The sacrifices of thousands of Indians marked the struggle faced by the people of India during that period. It was a struggle of countless freedom fighters who set the nation free from the clutches of Britishers who ruled for about 200 years. And it is where the new era of hope began! But what paved the way for the first Independence Day? When was it celebrated? Let’s find out more about it in the text ahead!

Historical Background

India’s independence movement originated in the late 19th and 20th centuries. Initially, when Britishers entered India, the nation’s people had no clue about what their lives would be like. Slowly, they became enslaved and lost all their rights and freedom.
Indians realized their right to freedom and revolted against the colonial rule. As this movement gathered traction, various leaders arose to lead the masses in search of Independence during the beginning of the 20th Century. Mahatma Gandhi, Subhash Chandra Bose, Mahatma Phule, Bhagat Singh, and many more are among them.

Movements Involved In Indian Independence

As said above, Indian Independence has sacrifices from many people. Some freedom fighters revolted aggressively, while some preferred the non-violence approach. Civil Disobedience, Dandi March, The Quit India Movement, and Simon Go Back were some movements initiated during that period.
Mahatma Gandhi’s non-violent method of Satyagraha was the most remarkable event in Indian history as it played an essential role in bringing Independence. Not just this, Satyagraha even inspired a lot of Indians to participate in the freedom struggle, which led to widespread support of the majority over Britishers.

In 1929, during its Lahore session, the Indian National Congress proclaimed the Purna Swaraj declaration, which advocated complete self-rule free from British Empire control. On an unofficial note, the 26th of January, 1930, was declared as Independence Day. Across India, from 1930 to 1946, the day was celebrated each year by the Congress members, freedom fighters and even the common man.

The Declaration Of Independence

On 14th August 1947, on eve of Indian independence, Jawaharlal Nehru delivered the Tryst with Destiny speech proclaiming India’s independence.

Long years ago we made a tryst with destiny, and now the time comes when we shall redeem our pledge, not wholly or in full measure, but very substantially. At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom. A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history when we step out from the old to the new when an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance. It is fitting that at this solemn moment, we take the pledge of dedication to the service of India and her people and to the still larger cause of humanity.

                                             — Tryst with Destiny speech, Jawaharlal Nehru, 14 August 1947

Jawaharlal Nehru - Tryst with Destiny Speech
Jawaharlal Nehru – Tryst with Destiny Speech

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India. On 15th August 1947, he hoisted the Indian national flag. This event took place in Delhi at Red Fort. An actual moment of pride – this day every year is marked by India’s struggle for Independence. Millions of Indians who desired Independence for decades were filled with pleasure and optimism due to this historic event.

Jawaharlal Nehru at Red Fort hoisting flag on first independence day of India on 15 August 1947
Jawaharlal Nehru at Red Fort hoisting flag on first independence day of India on 15 August 1947

Importance Of 15th August

15th August 1947 is an important day in Indian history because it represents the triumph of the Indian spirit over colonial oppression. But why only 15th August? Independence Day could have been celebrated another day. Well, this day was picked after much thought.
15th August was selected for two reasons. Firstly, it represents the day the resolution was passed, and secondly, it is the same day India eventually achieved Independence after a long battle.

The Celebration Of The First Independence Day

Every Indian has a way of expressing their love for the nation. Since the first Independence was much of a relief – it was quite an emotional moment filled with joy. People around the country celebrated, proudly waving the tricolor flag and chanting the national anthem, ‘Jan Gan Man’.
Streets were decorated with colorful decorations, and cultural events were held to portray India’s rich variety and traditions. People from all states participated in the celebrations, and the feeling of togetherness and freedom was obvious.

First Independence Day of India - People Gathered for Celebration
First Independence Day of India – People Gathered for Celebration

Struggles After First Independence

India was all free after 15th August 1947. But that was not it! There were several struggles that the nation had to combat after Independence as well. The partition of India and Pakistan, also known as the world’s greatest migration, led to tension and violence between the two countries. Many lost their life, family, and home. India had to deal with socioeconomic losses, and poverty, illiteracy, and employment were prominent during that time. Dealing with old customs, traditions, and culture was also a problem!

Independence Day Today

From 1947 to 2023, India has undergone massive development in every area. It is expanding at a fast rate. It is among the world’s largest democracies. Since that first Independence Day, there has been significant progress and resiliency. India’s technical advances, economic progress, and scientific accomplishments have won it a substantial position globally.

In Conclusion

The celebration of the first Independence Day is a landmark event in history. It signifies unity, triumph, freedom, endurance, and much more. It signaled the end of a period of colonial rule. Soon, Indians started a new chapter of their life with hopes, aspirations, and dreams of a free and wealthy India.
As we commemorate each Independence Day, we must remember our freedom fighters’ sacrifices. It is only because of them that we can live freely!


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