Mount Everest

Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary were the first men who could climb Mount Everest after struggling for almost seven weeks. They reached the top of the mountain on 29th May 1953 at 11.30 am.

Introduction To Mount Everest

Standing at a high altitude of 8850 meters from sea level, Mount Everest is the highest peak on Earth. It is situated in the Himalayan range along the border of Tibet, China, and Nepal. The mountain is named after Sir George Everest. An exciting thing about Mount Everest is that it has various local names, including Peak XV, Third Pole, and Deudhanga.

Do you know that Mount Everest is about 60 million years old? It was formed due to the tectonic plates’ movement of the Earth. Until the 19th century, nobody had any idea about this highest mountain. Many people attempted to climb this peak, and in 1953, Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary became the first men to reach its top.

Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay - First Men to Climb Mount Everest
Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay – First Men to Climb Mount Everest. Image Credit – Wikipedia

Climbing On The Mount Everest

As per the statistics, there are more than six thousand people who tried to climb Mount Everest to date. And it is disheartening to know that more than 300 mountaineers never returned. The biggest reason some people fail to climb this highest peak is unexpected weather changes. Extremely low temperatures, avalanches, high winds, and storms become an obstacle even for experienced mountain climbers.

Mountaineers have to undergo six months of training before they can start climbing Mount Everest. The training helps their bodies to adapt to the weather conditions at high altitudes. During the training, climbers have to pass a series of Everest camps. Every climber has to be prepared mentally and physically for this challenging journey.

Not everyone is allowed to climb Mount Everest. You have to meet some eligibility criteria to make this dream come true. Only mountaineers having the age group of 18-75 are allowed to climb this peak. Apart from this, they must also be able to provide proof that they have previously climbed mountains with a height of more than 6500 meters.

Climbers on the Nepali side of Mount Everest
Climbers on the Nepali side of Mount Everest. Image Credits – Westend61/Getty Images

Dangers Of Climbing Mount Everest

Climbing the highest peak on the Earth is exceptionally challenging. Many people have lost their lives while attempting to climb this mountain. The danger of falling from the high cliffs and the freezing weather makes climbing difficult for all mountaineers. Many climbers also experience mountain sickness because of insufficient oxygen at high altitudes.

Higher the altitude, the lesser the oxygen. When less oxygen reaches the climber’s brains, they suffer from extreme headaches, loss of appetite, fatigue, and lack of sleep. Sometimes, the situations worsen, and mountaineers may experience trouble walking, delusions, dementia, and coma. The human body starts giving up because it takes many weeks to reach the top of Mount Everest.

Dangers Of Climbing Mount Everest
Dangers Of Climbing Mount Everest. Image Credit – Google

Carrying Food And Supplies

There are no plants that can withstand the harsh weather conditions of Mount Everest. Only a few creatures can survive in these extreme conditions. Therefore, climbers have to prepare their supplies and food in advance.

Many climbers prefer hiring Sherpas who can assist them in carrying their supplies and food. Sherpas are nomadic people who used to live near this highest peak. Their bodies can quickly adapt to the climatic changes of the high altitudes. This is the reason why mountaineers hire them to carry their essentials.

Sherpas Carrying Food And Supplies
Sherpas Carrying Food And Supplies. Image Credit – Google

Tenzing Norgay And Edmund Hillary Climbing Up The Mount Everest

Under the guidance of Colonel John Hunt, Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary became the first men to climb Mount Everest in 1953. Hunt made sure only to select experienced mountaineers in his team. Out of the eleven persons in the group, Tenzing Norgay was selected from India, and Edmund Hillary was recruited from New Zealand. A filmmaker and a writer from The Times were also a part of this expedition as they wanted to document the first successful climb to the summit of Mount Everest.

After training for months, the team started their climbing journey. They established about nine camps on their way. And some of them are still used by the climbers. Out of all the team members, only four were chosen to attempt to reach the top of the peak. Hunt made two teams, each consisting of two climbers. The team of Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary completed this most challenging climb of all time.

Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay on their climb to the top of Everest in May 1953
Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay on their climb to the top of Everest in May 1953. Image Credit – Alfred Gregory, Royal Geographic Society

To Sum Up

Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary were the climbers who became the first men to climb Mount Everest, the highest peak on the Earth, in 1953. It takes a lot of effort to climb this mountain. The weather at such a high altitude is extreme, and climbers suffer from many health problems, including dementia, delusion, fatigue, and coma. Check out the above points to learn more about climbing Mount Everest.


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