Harpal Singh - Owner of World's First Maruti Car

The Unfolding Of History: Harpal Singh, Owner Of The World’s First Maruti Car

Often, the celebration of grand moments in history overlooks the smaller, equally significant instances that usher in a new era. Such is the story of Harpal Singh, a resident of Delhi, who became an unlikely hero on the pages of the Indian automotive industry. His claim to fame?

Harpal was the proud owner of the world’s first-ever Maruti car, a milestone that marked the beginning of a new chapter in India’s transport sector. This article delves into his journey, the historical context, and the impact of this seemingly minor event that propelled an automobile revolution in India.

The Maruti Magic

In the late 1970s, Sanjay Gandhi’s dream to create an affordable, reliable, and efficient car for the Indian middle-class population was taking shape in the form of Maruti Udyog Limited. Launched in 1981, Maruti was the result of a joint venture between the Indian government and Suzuki Motor Corporation, a successful collaboration that continued for many decades. The first car rolled out by Maruti was the iconic Maruti 800, which rapidly became a symbol of aspiration for countless Indian families.

Indira Gandhi visits Maruti car factory ahead of launch of first car
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, with Rajiv Gandhi and ND Tiwari in the background, inspects a model car before inaugurating the Maruti factory in Delhi on December 14, 1983. ((Image Credits – The Hindu)

In the beginning, Maruti was a Rs 269 crore project. It used to take around 800 minutes (which is about 13.33 hours) to produce a single car. Nowadays, Maruti sells three cars every minute, which means they sell about 2,400 cars in 800 minutes. In its first full year of production, Maruti had planned to make 20,000 cars. But today, they can produce 20,000 cars in just a few days. Below is a newspaper clipping from Dec 13, 1983.

News paper clipping of first Maruti car launch
News paper clipping of first Maruti car launch from 13th Dec, 1983.

Harpal Singh – A Common Man With An Uncommon Destiny

Harpal Singh, a Delhi-based Indian Airline employee, was as ordinary as they come, but destiny had other plans for him. The day was 14th December 1983 when Harpal’s life took an extraordinary turn. As the result of a lottery, Harpal, a man of modest means, found himself as the owner of the world’s first Maruti 800 car. The first car was delivered at price of Rs 47,500.

He collected the keys from none other than the then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi, further solidifying the importance of this historic event.

Harpal Singh receiving the keys to the first Maruti 800 car from former prime minister Indira Gandhi
Harpal Singh receiving the keys to the first Maruti 800 car from former prime minister Indira Gandhi. (Image Credits – HT File Photo)

The Historical Context

The early 1980s is marked as a crucial period in Indian history. The country was transitioning from a state-controlled economy to a more liberalized one, which created new opportunities and challenges. As the first Maruti 800 came out of the factory, it was a symbol of this change. It represented not just a car, but the aspirations, dreams, and potential of a rapidly evolving India.

Singh’s ownership of the car was not merely a private affair but an event imbued with national significance. His everyman status made him a fitting representative of the people the Maruti 800 was created for – the striving Indian middle class.

Societal Impact and Lasting Legacy

Harpal Singh’s acquisition of the first Maruti car sparked an automobile revolution in India. The Maruti 800 quickly became the country’s best-selling car, shifting the dynamic of Indian roads, transforming them from a dominion of bulky Ambassador and Fiat cars to a more diversified landscape. It also marked a shift in societal aspirations as owning a car transitioned from a luxury to a potential reality for many.

The Indian automotive industry owes a lot to Maruti 800’s success. Its popularity prompted more global automobile manufacturers to consider India as a viable market, leading to a flood of investment and subsequently more choices for the consumers. This shift made the Indian auto market one of the most vibrant and competitive globally, further propelling the country’s economic growth.

Harpal Singh passed away in 2010, but his legacy as the first owner of a Maruti car lives on. It is a reminder of the individual stories often overlooked in grand historical narratives.

The story of Harpal Singh and his Maruti 800 is a testament to the vast changes that unfolded in India during the 1980s. They tell a tale of rapid industrialization, changing societal norms, and the dreams of millions finding an outlet in the form of a small, affordable car.

Maruti 800 was the best-selling car in India till 2004. It was launched in 1983, and in 2010, the company decided to stop production as it wanted to popularize its successor, Maruti Alto. The model was finally phased out on January 18, 2014. The company reportedly sold more than 27 lakh units in India.

What happened to first Maruti car after its owner’s death?

The first Maruti car was in a very bad condition and almost abandoned by Singh’s family. Some pictures of the car were posted online and caught the attention of many car enthusiasts.

When the company heard about the car’s condition, they decided to help restore it. They replaced all the old parts and fixed it up to make it look like new again. However, the car couldn’t be driven on Delhi roads anymore due to some rules.

So, the company decided to showcase the car at their headquarters, proudly celebrating it as their first big success story in India.

Restored first Maruti car
Shashank Srivastava, Senior Executive Director, Sales and Marketing, Maruti Suzuki, standing beside the restored first Maruti car (Image Credits – Business Today)


Looking back, it is fascinating to realize how intertwined the story of an ordinary man, a small car, and a country’s socio-economic transformation can be. Harpal Singh and his Maruti 800 are not just a part of Indian automotive history but a symbol of a pivotal era of change.

While Harpal’s story began as an individual’s fortune, it seamlessly melded into India’s collective narrative of growth, aspirations, and progress. Harpal Singh was not just the owner of the world’s first Maruti car; he was the harbinger of a revolution, a symbol of a new India.

From this perspective, we can appreciate the profound significance that the ownership of the first Maruti car holds. It’s a testimony to the fact that in the grand tapestry of history, it’s often the threads of ordinary lives that come together to weave extraordinary tales of change and evolution.


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